bluedrag (bluedrag) wrote,
bluedrag
bluedrag

Хозяке на заметку

How to create a VirtualBox VM on an Ubuntu server from scratch.

apt-get upgrade virtualbox
VBoxManage createvm --name foo --ostype Ubuntu_64 --basefolder /vm/ --register

# configure it to use bridge networking
VBoxManage modifyvm foo --memory 2048 --cpus 2 --pae on --acpi on --hpet on --ioapic on --hwvirtex on --vtxvpid on --accelerate3d off --audio none --chipset ich9 --nic1 bridged --bridgeadapter1 eth0 --vrde on --vrdeport 5555 --clipboard bidirectional --vrdeaddress <server ip addr>

# create and attach a 10G virtual disk
VBoxManage createhd --filename /vm/storage/bar.vdi --size 10240
VBoxManage storagectl foo --name storage --add sata --controller IntelAHCI --portcount 4 --hostiocache off

# configure to boot from the install image
VBoxManage storageattach foo --storagectl storage --port 2 --medium /vm/ubuntu-14.04.1-server-amd64.iso --type dvddrive
VBoxManage modifyvm foo --boot1 dvd

# start
VBoxHeadless -s foo

# now go to any computer, vnc into the new virtual machine and finish the installation:
# vnc <server ip addr>:5555

# stop the VM and diconnect the DVD image
VBoxManage controlvm foo poweroff
VBoxManage storageattach foo --storagectl storage --port 2 --medium none
VBoxManage modifyvm foo --boot1 disk

# start it again, vnc in, configure the ssh access and power off
# from now on, alway start with vnc disabled, and use ssh to log in:
nohup VBoxHeadless -s foo --vrde off&
Tags: linux
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